Krossobanen was built as welfare measures to bring the population into the sun during the winter. Today Krossobanen a tourist attraction that is open daily.
Arkitect: Adolf Bleichert AG.
Today: Gondola lift built as a welfare measure to bring the workers up into the sun during the winter season and improve access to the mountains in general.
Description of Krossobanen
Krossobanen was built by Norsk Hydro on the initiative of Sam Eyde, after a lengthy planning stage with much time spent on the drawing board.
It was Northern Europe’s first aerial cableway for passenger transport when it opened in January 1928. It is a suspended cableway, where the cables pass over a mast that divides the span into two spans of 744 and 70 metres, respectively.
The upper station is Gvepseborg at 890 masl. With a vertical distance from the valley station of 495 metres, and a horizontal distance of 814 metres, the resultant gradient is 0.6:1. The cableway was built by the German company Adolf Bleichert AG.
The cableway’s machinery and other technical installations have been replaced. The winch stations at the top and bottom of the cableway are concrete structures with an almost Functionalist design.
The cableway was operated by Norsk Hydro until October 1987, when Tinn Municipality took over.
The red and blue gondolas (‘Tyttebæret’ – the Lingonberry, and ‘Blåbæret’ – the Blueberry) have been in operation since the cableway opened, except during the war and for a period between 1989 and 1991.
Today, Krossobanen is used by the locals and tourists. Gvepseborg is a great starting point for hikes on Hardangervidda.
It's built a great restaurant on the edge of the mountains at the upper station, Gvepseborg Panorama Restaurant. Here you can enjoy a good meal while enjoying views of Rjukan and Gaustatoppen.